Essential Part Questions and Answers



Q 1

A)   mountain

B)   winter

C)   prehistory

D)   ice

Correct Option - D

ExplanationA glacier is a large mass of ice and cannot exist without it. A glacier can move down a mountain, but it can also move across a valley or a plain, which rules out choice a. Glaciers exist in all seasons, which rules out choice b. There are many glaciers in the world today, which rules out choice c.

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Q 2

A)   love

B)   church

C)   ring

D)   marriage

Correct Option - D

ExplanationA wedding results in a joining, or a marriage, so choice d is the essential element. Love (choice a) usually precedes a wedding, but it is not essential. A wedding may take place anywhere, so a church (choice b) is not required. A ring (choice c) is often used in a wedding, but it is not necessary.

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Q 3

A)   map

B)   route

C)   travel

D)   guidebook

Correct Option - B

ExplanationAn itinerary is a proposed route of a journey. A map (choice a) is not necessary to have a planned route. Travel (choice c) is usually the outcome of an itinerary, but not always. A guidebook (choice d) may be used to plan the journey but is not essential.

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Q 4

A)   beach

B)   cyclone

C)   damage

D)   wind

Correct Option - D

ExplanationA hurricane cannot exist without wind. A beach is not essential to a hurricane (choice a). A hurricane is a type of cyclone, which rules out (choice b). Not all hurricanes cause damage (choice c).

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Q 5

A)   telephone

B)   listing

C)   computer

D)   names

Correct Option - B

ExplanationA directory is a listing of names or things, so (choice b) is the essential element. A telephone (choice a) often has a directory associated with it, but it is not essential. A computer (choice c) uses a directory format to list files, but it is not required.Names (choice d) are often listed in a directory, but many other things are listed in directories, so this is not the essential element.

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Q 6

A)   running

B)   swimming

C)   winning

D)   speaking

Correct Option - C

ExplanationWithout a first-place win, there is no champion, so winning is essential. There may be champions in running, swimming, or speaking, but there are also champions in many other areas.

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Q 7

A)   violin

B)   stage

C)   musician

D)   soloist

Correct Option - C

ExplanationAn orchestra is a large group of musicians, so musicians are essential. Although many orchestras have violin sections, violins aren't essential to an orchestra (choice a). Neither a stage (choice b) nor a soloist (choice d) is necessary.

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