List of Five Year Plans of India In Hindi, भारत की पंचवर्षीय योजनाओं की सूची

List of Five Year Plans of India In Hindi, भारत की पंचवर्षीय योजनाओं की सूची: Indian five year plan, we are providing complete details for Five year plans of India. In this article you can find everything you want to know about Five year plans of India. there are many queries or questions related to Five year plans of India like – Indian five year plan models, tenth five year plan, indianfive year plan table, ninth five year plan. 5year plan, fifth five year plan, Twelve th five year plan etc. Now you can scroll down below and check more details for List of Five Year Plans of India In Hindi

List of Five Year Plans of India In Hindi

भारत में पंचवर्षीय योजना

• 1 पंचवर्षीय योजना (1951-56) – कृषि की प्राथमिकता
• 2 पंचवर्षीय योजना (1956-61) – उद्योग क्षेत्र की प्राथमिकता
• 3 पंचवर्षीय योजना (1961-66) – स्व रिलायंस
• 4 पंचवर्षीय योजना (1969-74) – न्याय के साथ गरीबी, विकास का हटाया
• 5 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (1974-79) – गरीबी और आत्म निर्भरता का हटाया
• 6 पंचवर्षीय योजना (1980-85) – 5 वीं योजना के रूप में में वही जोर दिया
• 7 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (1985-90) – फूड प्रोडक्शन, रोजगार, उत्पादकता
• 8 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (1992-97) – रोजगार सृजन, जनसंख्या का नियंत्रण
• 9 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (1997-02) – 7 प्रतिशत की विकास दर
• 10 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (2002-07) – स्व रोजगार और संसाधनों और विकास
• 11 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (2007-12) – व्यापक और तेजी स विकास
• 12 वीं पंचवर्षीय योजना (2012-17) – स्वास्थ्य, शिक्षा और स्वच्छता {समग्र विकास} का सुधार

First Five Year Plan (1951-56):

  1. This plan was based on the Harrod-Domar model.
  2. This plan emphasized towards improvement in agriculture, productions, irrigation, price stability, power,  and transport.
  3. This plan proved a success as agriculture production increased dramatically.
  4. Major dam projects of Bhakra-Nangal, Hirakud and Mettur dam were started during this plan period.
  5. By the end of this plan period, in 1956, five Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) were also started.
  6. Community Development Projects was started.

Second Five Year Plan (1956-61):

  1. This plan followed the Mahalanobis model, an economic development model.
  2. This plan paid major emphasis to domestic production of industrial products and rapid industrialization.
  3. Steel plants at Bhilai, Durgapur, and Rourkela were established under this plan.
  4. The target growth rate of this plan was 4.5% and the actual growth rate was 4.27%.

Third Five Year Plan (1961-66):

  1. The third Five-year Plan stressed growth in agriculture and industry.
  2. The plan aimed to increase national income by 30% and agriculture production by 30%.
  3. India failed to achieve its target due to wars with China in 1962 and Pakistan in 1965 and bad monsoon.
  4. The target growth rate of this plan was 5.6%, but the actual growth rate was 2.4%.

Three Annual Plan (1966-69):

  1. Due to the miserable failure of the third plan the government was forced to declare “plan holidays” (from 1966–67, 1967–68, & 1968–69).
  2. Three annual plans were drawn during this period.
  3. Equal priority was given to agriculture, its allied activities, and industrial sector.

Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-74):

  1. This plan emphasized towards agriculture growth and Green Revolution in India advanced agriculture production.
  2. 14 major Indian banks were nationalized.
  3. The target growth rate was 5.6%, but the actual growth rate was 3.3%.
  4. India conducted a nuclear test in 1974.

Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-78):

  1. This Five-year Plan laid stress on employment, checking inflation, poverty alleviation (Garibi Hatao), and justice.
  2. The plan also focused on self-reliance in agricultural production and defense.
  3. The Indian national highway system was introduced.
  4. ‘Minimum Needs Programme’ was launched.
  5. When Janta Party Government came to power it terminated the plan in the fourth year itself i.e. 1978.
  6. The target growth rate was 4.4% and the actual growth rate was 5.0%

Rolling Plan (1978-80):

  1. The Janata Party government rejected the fifth five-year plan and introduced a new Sixth five-year plan (1978-1983). This plan was again rejected by the Indian National Congress government when it came to power in 1980 and a new sixth plan was made.
  2. The earlier one was subsequently referred to as a rolling plan.
  3. Rolling plan concept was coined by Gunnar Myrdal.

Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-85):

  1. This Five-year plan marked the beginning of economic liberalization.
  2. This plan focused equally on infrastructure and agriculture.
  3. The sixth Five-year plan was a great success to the Indian economy.
  4. The target growth rate was 5.2% and the actual growth rate was 5.4%.

Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-90):

  1. This Five-year Plan aims to increase economic productivity, production of food grains, and generating employment.
  2. Jawahar Rozgar Yojana was launched in 1989.
  3. The plan was very successful. The target growth rate was 5.0% and the actual growth rate was 6.01%.

Period (1989-91):

  1. No five-year plan was implemented during this period due to political instability.
  2. Only annual plans were made for the period between 1990 and 1992.
  3. In 1991, India faced a crisis in Foreign Exchange (Forex) reserves, left with reserves of only about US$1 billion. At that time Dr. Manmohan Singh launched India’s free-market reforms that brought the nearly bankrupt nation back from the edge. It was the beginning of privatization and liberalization in India.

Eight Five Year Plan (1992-97):

  1. The eighth five-year plan aimed towards modernization of industries.
  2. The main objectives of this plan were controlling population growth, poverty reduction, employment generation, strengthening the infrastructure etc.
  3. The target growth rate was 5.6% and the actual growth rate was 6.8%.

Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-2002):

  1. This five-year plan gave priority to agriculture and rural development with a view to generating adequate productive employment and eradication of poverty.
  2. Accelerating the growth rate of the economy with stable prices.
  3. Ensuring food and nutritional security for all.
  4. Containing the growth rate of population.
  5. The target growth rate was 6.5% and the actual growth rate was 5.40%.

Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07):

  1. This five-year plan aims to achieve 8 percent average GDP growth for the period 2002-07.
  2. Creation of 50 million employment opportunities in the next 5 years.
  3. Reduction in gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by at least 50% by 2007.
  4. Reduction of poverty rate by 5 percentage points by 2007.
  5. the 20-point program was introduced.
  6. The target growth rate was 8.1% and the actual growth rate was 7.3%.

Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-12):

  1. Accelerate growth rate of GDP from 8% to 10% and then maintain at 10% in the 12th Plan in order to double per capita income by 2016 – 17.
  2. Rajiv Aarogyasri Health Scheme was launched.
  3. Create 70 million new work opportunities.
  4. Reduce educated unemployment to below 5%.
  5. Increase forest and tree cover by 5 percentage points.
  6. Raise the sex ratio for age group 0 – 6 to 935 by 2011 – 12 and to 950 by 2016-17.

Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17):

  1. This five-year plan aims to achieve 8.2% growth.
  2. Achieve 4 percent growth in agriculture.
  3. Reduce poverty by 10 percentage points, by 2017.
  4. Health, education and skill development, environment and natural resources and infrastructure development are the main focus area of this plan.

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